The Standard edition is designed for physical or minimally virtualized environments. As for the maximum number of users, it is based on CALs, or client access license requirements. Generally speaking, the Standard edition offers the core Windows Server functionality (including but not limited to the functionality of Windows Server Essentials 2019).
The Standard edition enables hybrid operations in Azure environment. You can inventory and migrate data, as well as security settings and other configurations, from legacy systems to Windows Server 2019 and/or the Azure cloud. The functionality of the Standard edition allows you to centralize your company’s file shares by synchronizing file servers to Azure. With that, the flexibility and performance of a local file server are preserved. Additionally, applications that are running in your local network can use a variety of innovations in the cloud, such as Artificial Intelligence or the Internet of Things.
When it comes to virtualization, Windows Server 2019 Standard includes permission for two OSEs (operating system environments) or VMs per license, plus one Hyper-V host. If you need more VMs in your infrastructure, additional licenses must be purchased. For comparison, the number of VMs supported in Windows Server Datacenter is unlimited.
Another noteworthy characteristic is that the Standard edition only supports up to two Hyper-V containers. The number of Windows containers the edition supports is unlimited. Just for reference, containers and micro-services can be used to help you create cloud native applications and modernize the traditional ones. With that, Linux and Windows containers can be run side by side.
Another difference has to do with storage replicas, which is a functionality that allows for replication between servers for disaster recovery purposes. There are no limits in the Datacenter edition, while the available volume in the Standard edition is limited to 2TB.
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